CakePHP: An Overview
- 6 min read
- Karla Sambolić
When you're starting a web development project, one of the biggest decisions you have to make is which technologies to use. It all depends on the goal and the scope of the project and the web developer's preferences. But it's important to know what technologies to use in which situation.
If you're a business owner looking to hire web development professionals, you may not know all intricacies of the technology used. And that's okay, as long as the developers working on your project understand what works best in each situation.
CakePHP is one of the most popular web frameworks, and for a number of reasons:
- MVC architecture,
- extensive documentation,
- excellent ORM and so on.
CakePHPCakePHP is designed to make common web-development tasks simple, and easy. Its power lies in effortless configuration. Just follow some basic rules and you can start developing powerful applications in no-time.
Just how popular is the CakePHP framework? It is ranked in the top 4 most popular PHP projects on GitHub, of around 130,000 projects, with over 18,000 members in the CakePHP Google group with 32,000 topics. With 270 contributors to the code, and 320 contributors to the documentation, there is no denying that CakePHP has a big following.
There are three things that set this framework apart from competition:
- Convention over configuration
- CakePHP's ORM (object-relational mapping)
- Components and helpers
CakePHP has always been about rapid and consistent development and, toward that end, it places a heavy emphasis on convention. It leans heavily towards convention over configuration principle.This means that developers don't have to waste time figuring out "where things go" when they start using this framework. Deafults for these rules have already been put in place.
Convention over configuration
CakePHP’s Object-relational mapping (ORM) benefits greatly from CakePHP’s framework conventions. By setting out the database schema to Cake’s standards, you can quickly connect tables together through Cake’s powerful ORM.
This means that CakePHP can efficiently handle large databases, for example when building webshops.
One of the great features of CakePHP is the built-in libraries – Components and Helpers – that eliminate many boring, repetitive, and tedious development tasks. In the MVC context, Components help streamline controller development, while Helpers simplify view coding and logic (i.e., the presentation layer).
Components and helpers
Aside from these three things, there other reasons why this framework is a good choice:
- Great and vibrant community of developers behind it
- Simple and easy multilingual options
- Comprehensive documentation
- Easy plugin integration
This article was meant as a brief overview of a specific framework we use in web development. There are many other technologies to choose from, each with distinct advantages and disadvantages.
If you need help with choosing the right technology for your next web project, contact us today for a free consultation.
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